Folk & Acoustic Musical Instrument Specialists

Cuatro De Puerto Rico Information and FAQs


Of the guitar family; found in South America and the West Indies. The Venezuelan Cuatro has 4 strings, looks like a ukelele. The Puerto Rican Cuatro has 10 strings and looks more like a Cuban Tres.


The modern Puerto Rican Cuatro is a flat top instrument with a violin profile body. It has 10 metal strings in 5 courses, tuned: B E A D G


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Unsurprisingly the Cuatro in Puerto Rico orginally had 4 strings and does stil exist in parts of the south. The modern version was made famous in the 1930s by Ladislao Martínez. It seems likely that imported Mandolins, Bandurrias or Laudes must have influenced the newer 10 string double course instrument.